Ebola: Madagascar, vulnerable because of its insularity

The majority of countries in West Africa: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and recently Senegal are affected by the Ebola viral hemorrhagic fever. The outbreak this year is classified by WHO as the more serious disease has shown till now, because there are reached 1,500 dead, and now we can talk about Ebola Crisis.

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The Ebola virus that causes Ebola was discovered for the first time in 1976. Its exact origin is unknown; scientists assume that it would come from the bats of the species Hypsignathus monstrosus, Epomops franqueti and Myonycteris torquata, and was accidentally transmitted to humans by manipulation of primates. Hemorrhage fever Ebola is a deadly viral disease with a fatality rate of up to 90%. There are four subtypes of Ebola virus: Zaire species (ZEBOV), Sudan species, species and species Reston Tai Forest. The virus takes its name from the the Ebola River in Zaire, where it was discovered. Semiologically, the incubation period of the virus in the patient is 2 to 21 days and it causes: a sudden onset of fever, headache, sore throat, diarrhea, rashes, and internal and external bleeding.

So far there is no vaccine against this disease although it has identified two Americans who were cured after treatment with ZMapp experimental serum.
But back to the case of Madagascar. Although 10,000 miles far from our countries of West Africa, this does not prevent the entry of this scourge in our walls. Indeed, Madagascar is an island country with a very large border (about 5 000km), too difficult to survey. Then, we have closely trade with these countries; therefore, it is more or less exposed to risk. Recently, a boat from Liberia (Baltic Mercur) docked in Madagascar and it created a wave of panic among the population. To quiet the mind, the government is reassuring but the doubt still persists.

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